Striped Hyena is a solitary, powerful animal which is covered in pale tan to grayish fur, which is usually quite shaggy. Its head, upper body, back and legs have black vertical stripes all over whereas muzzle and ears are totally black. There is also a medium sized mane on its neck, shoulders as well as the back. When striped hyena is threatened, it erects the hair on its mane, making itself look 30-40 percent bigger than it actually is.
Basically, Striped Hyena belongs to the Hyaenidae family and is scientifically known as Hyaena Hyaena. The native of this species is North and East Africa, the Caucasus, the Middle East, Middle and Central and the Indian Subcontinent. They usually inhabit open country as well as the forests and seashore too for hunting on dead animals which wash up from the sea.
The average lifespan of striped hyenas hovers somewhere around 10 to 12 years in the wild. Keeping in captivity may increase their life. Striped hyenas weigh from 25 to 40 kg. Their length is about 4 to 5 feet approx. from head to tail, and they stand about 2.2 to 2.5 feet tall at the shoulder. There is not much difference between the sizes of the male and female.
Since the striped hyena has no natural predators, it does often come into conflict with humans. Striped hyenas have been known to kill humans, especially children, and they are often poisoned and trapped for preying on livestock or raiding farms. Some of their body parts are also believed to have medicinal value. Striped hyenas have also become endangered through habitat loss. They are listed by the IUCN as Near Threatened, as the global population is estimated to be under 10,000 mature individuals which continues to experience deliberate and incidental persecution along with a decrease in its prey base such that it may come close to meeting a continuing decline of 10% over the next three generations.